The following is the [XGNews]: Cloud computing with “carbon neutralization” accelerates green change in the domestic cloud computing market recommended by xgapn.com.
In the government work report of the State Council in 2021, it is pointed out that we should do a solid job in carbon peaking, carbon neutralization, formulate an action plan for carbon emission peaking by 2030, and optimize the industrial structure and energy structure. “Carbon neutralization” began to come into people’s vision.
As an important part of the new infrastructure, the construction of various data centers has been in full swing in recent years. According to the Research Report on the development of China’s “new infrastructure”, by 2025, the data center will account for 33% of the global energy consumption, which can not be ignored. Whether the data center industry can reduce carbon emissions and actively practice “carbon neutralization” is of great significance to the realization of China’s “carbon neutralization” goal. As the national team of cloud service providers, operators are fully launching the carbon peak carbon neutralization green action.
Cloud computing accelerates the arrival of the era of “carbon neutrality”
This year, the government work report proposed that during the 14th Five Year Plan period, we should accelerate digital development, create new advantages of digital economy, jointly promote digital industrialization and industrial digital transformation, accelerate the construction of digital society, improve the construction level of digital government, create a good digital ecology and build a digital China.
In this context, intelligent technology represented by cloud computing has become a new driving force for industrial change. When the business load of the enterprise system surges, cloud computing can schedule idle computing resources to ensure the stable operation of the network and applications; When the business load of enterprise system decreases, cloud computing can transfer redundant resources to energy-saving mode, or reduce enterprise infrastructure, reduce costs, improve resource utilization and give play to green and low-carbon characteristics.
Driven by the new infrastructure, cloud computing and Internet manufacturers have increased their investment in the construction of data centers. According to the data of Zhike Consulting Research Report, in 2019, the market scale of China’s IDC business reached 156.25 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 27.2%, and the absolute value of the market scale increased by more than 30 billion yuan compared with 2018. As the power cost accounts for more than half, the power consumption of the industry is rising, and the contradiction between strong demand and high energy consumption of IDC is prominent. The expansion of the domestic IDC market has led to the rise of power consumption in the industry. According to the prediction of the State Grid Energy Research Institute, by 2030, the power consumption of China’s data center will exceed 400 billion kwh, accounting for 3.7% of the power consumption of the whole society.
With the gradual commercialization of 5g, the development of data center has become unstoppable, and the gradual deepening of the concept of “carbon neutralization” also makes the construction of green energy conservation more and more important.
Operators have huge space for emission reduction
In the era of digital economy, the scale expansion of “new infrastructure” will bring about the growth of energy demand and carbon emission. Operators themselves have great room for emission reduction. On August 3, 2021, according to the data released by the 5g advanced innovation industry summit, China’s three major operators have built more than 970000 5g base stations. With the in-depth application of 5g network in industry, transportation, medical treatment, energy and other fields, a large number of edge data centers have sprung up. This will become the growth point of energy consumption in the future.
At the same time, through digital intellectual empowerment, in-depth technological innovation and scene exploration, operators can help the society achieve the “double carbon” goal.
Facing the problems brought by development, the best way is to solve them with higher quality development. Digital technology is deeply integrated with traditional industries to improve carbon efficiency by improving the efficiency of production, life and social governance. For example, the combination of “new infrastructure” and energy industry is an important basis for 5g development to help the whole society achieve the “double carbon” green action goal.
Operators overweight green “new cloud”
At present, operators are the main force in the construction of network power, digital China and smart society. In the future, more large data centers, edge data centers and 5g base stations will be launched. Data center and 5g base station are traditional large energy consumers, which will promote the rapid growth of network energy consumption cost and carbon emission of communication operators, and bring great challenges to the sustainable development of operators.
To this end, operators have released their own carbon peak carbon neutralization green action plans. Li Zhengmao, general manager of China Telecom, said recently that it will build a new green cloud network, create a new green operation, and create a new secure and green information infrastructure for cloud network integration. It is reported that at present, China Telecom has achieved 198 IDC rooms with an annual power saving of more than 11 million degrees through the construction of intelligent air duct, cold and hot channel sealing and other energy-saving means. The pue value of Guizhou Information Park is the best up to 1.18, which is far lower than the 1.5 required by the national data center construction standard. In addition, the new energy consumption of China Telecom Inner Mongolia data center has reached 37.42%. Since the completion of the construction, 33.27 million kwh of electricity has been saved. Each kwh of electricity saved is equivalent to reducing the emission of about 1kg of carbon dioxide, truly enabling the data center to effectively realize “carbon emission reduction”.
The white paper on carbon peak and carbon neutralization recently released by China Mobile plans to control the total carbon emission within 56 million tons by the end of the 14th Five Year Plan period when the total amount of telecommunications business increases by 1.6 times. According to statistics, at present, the annual power consumption of information and communication infrastructure such as China Mobile’s base station, core computer room and data center alone exceeds 50 billion kwh.
China Unicom’s 14th five year action plan for carbon peak, carbon neutralization proposes to strive to reach the peak of the growth of total energy consumption by 2023 and the peak of total carbon emission in 2028. At the same time, China Unicom also promoted the co construction and sharing of infrastructure such as cloud network and data center to improve the proportion of resource sharing. At present, the joint construction and sharing work carried out by China Unicom and China Telecom has reached 470000 stations, reducing carbon emissions by about 3.6 million tons.
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